Mogadon/Nitrazepam belongs to a class of medicines called benzodiazepines. It acts on receptors in the brain and cause the release of a chemical called GABA (gamma amino butyric acid). GABA is a major inhibitory chemical in the brain involved in inducing sleepiness and control of anxiety and fits.
Nitrazepam is most commonly used to treat insomnia. It decreases the time taken to fall asleep and nocturnal awakenings, as well as increasing the total amount of time spent sleeping. As mogadon remains active in the body for many hours, drowsiness may occur the next day.
The recommended adult dose of nitrazepam when taken for insomnia is 5 mg to 10 mg taken at bedtime.
Seniors may be more likely to experience unwanted effects of this medication and should start with 2.5 mg taken at bedtime.
The lowest effective dose should be used. It is important that the dose be individualized to your specific needs, to avoid excessive drowsiness during the day time or motor impairment.
This medication is normally used for a short period of time or as an “as required” medication. As it may be habit-forming, the treatment period should be as short as possible and not usually longer than 7 to 10 consecutive days. If you need this medication for more than 2 to 3 weeks, consult your doctor for a re-evaluation of this medication.
Nitrazepam may be habit-forming when taken for long periods of time. It may not be appropriate for people who have a history of alcohol or substance abuse.
If you have been taking this medication regularly for a long period of time (more than one month), do not stop taking the medication without speaking with your doctor. A gradual reduction in dose is recommended when stopping this medication to avoid withdrawal effects.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take this medication in a larger amount or for a longer period of time than prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a scheduled dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If you are taking mogadon for sleeping, do not take it if you will not be able to get a full night’s sleep (approximately 8 hours or more). This medication tends to make people disoriented, uncoordinated and unable to concentrate clearly until it has worn off. If you remember the missed dose during the daytime, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of reach of children
All medicines may have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the side effects. The most come side effects associated with mogadon includes;
unsteadiness when walking
impairment of memory
hangover feeling in the morning
clumsiness, lack of coordination, numbed emotions
These side effects are usually mild.